Chapter 11.  Stream from a DV camcorder

Table of Contents

Install the libraw1394 and libavc1394
Stream with DV


This is possible under GNU/Linux only.

Install the libraw1394 and libavc1394

If you want to be able to stream from a DV camcorder, then you need to install the libraries libraw1394 and libavc1394:

  • if you use a Fedora Core distribution then you just need to install the libraries using:

    %yum update
    %yum install libraw1394 libavc1394

  • if you want to install the libraries from the source then you must download them from the libraw1394 and libavc1394 from their projects website.

  • if you have a distribution that uses udev, then you must add/change the following line to the file 50-udev.rules in your /etc/udev/rules.d directory.

    %vi /etc/udev/rules.d/50-udev.rules
    # IEEE1394 (firewire) devices (must be before raw devices below)
    KERNEL=="raw1394",              NAME="%k"
    KERNEL=="dv1394",               NAME="dv1394/%k"
    KERNEL=="video1394*",           NAME="video1394/%n"

The following sections assume that you have a working linux installation with the IEEE 1394 (Firewire) libraries installed, either manually from the source code or through your distributions upgrade mechanism.

Stream with DV

Connect the DV camcorder with a Firewire cable to your computer, and check the creation of the file /dev/raw1394.

Run VLC with the following command line :

% vlc -vvv dv/rawdv:///dev/raw1394 --dv-caching 10000–sout '#transcode{vcodec=WMV2,vb=512,scale=1,acodec=mp3,ab=192,channels=2}:std{access=mmsh,mux=asfh,url=:8080}' --sout-transcode-fps=25.0


  • dv/rawdv:// is the DV input and /dev/raw1394 the device file ,

  • dv-caching is the delay is miliseconds (ms) (start with a high value, 10s or so, and lower it later) ,

  • sout is the stream output chain that is used to stream the DV camcorder as a multimedia stream over the network. The transcode syntax is explained in the chapter about transcoding. The example as given above generates a multimedia stream that is compatible with Windows Media Player ,

  • sout-transcode-fps is the number of pictures per second 25.0 that the transcode module should generate of the requested audio/video codec.