Debian buster and bullseye follow the 3.0.x release branch of VLC.
Debian stretch follows the 3.0.x release branch of VLC
Debian jessie follows the 2.2.x release branch of VLC.
VLC's latest packaged version is always in the official Debian unstable branch.
If there is an GUI front-end for APT on your system You can install via APT link
% sudo apt install vlc
VLC for Debian and many other Linux distributions is also packaged using snap packages.
This allows us to distribute latest and greatest VLC versions directly to end
users, with security and critical bug fixes, full codec and optical media
To install via snap:
% sudo snap install vlc